Installation and usage of cutepdf writer abn amro commercial. Citrullus colocynthis an overview sciencedirect topics. Lowcost or nocost resources for writer training writeraccess. Chemical composition of the stem extract of costus afer bush. Peer effects in higher education national bureau of. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Cheilocostus speciosus commonly known as spiral ginger, cane reed, crepeginger, crape ginger, malay ginger, spiral flag, wild ginger, variegated ginger and costus is an important medicinal and ornamental plant belonging to genus cheilocostus and costaceae zingiberaceae family. To our knowledge, 1 seems to be the first example of a steroidal saponin from costus afer 667 25 21 0 26. The experiment was carried out for the costus afer, uvaria chamae and xylopia aethiopica leaves extract using concentrations of 0. Pdf pages dont appear or get a red x icon in cutepdf window. The protective effect of costus afer ker gawl aqueous leaf extract on. The root and oil from the root are used to make medicine. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the phytochemical constituents of costus afer extract and its alleviation of carbon tetrachloride induced hepatic oxidative stress and toxicity.
Phytochemical constituents in hexane fraction of costus afer ker gawl. The ic 50 of methanol extract of costus afer leaf is 0. Our project utilized readily available local materials coconut cocus nocifera husk and costus plant costus afer, to purify water for domestic purposes. Effect of aqueous leaves extract of costus afer ker gawl ncbi. Costus afer pdf costus afer is an evergreen perennial growing to 4 m ft by 4 m ft at a fast rate. You can attract more butterflies to your yard by planting. Nov 25, 2015 pdf expert has extensive tools for annotating and highlighting your documents, adding additional text and shapes, useful premade stamps to communicate such messages as approved or. Costus loangensis, an exciting new species from gabon, africa ncbi. Kirchoff and rolf rutishauser department of biology, university of north carolina, greensboro, north carolina 274125001.
Evaluation of antibacterial activity in three species of. Costus root is used for treating worm nematode infections. Biomarkers, kidney, liver, organ toxicity, phytomedicine. Foxit pdf creator is a virtual printer that allows any application with printing capability to generate highquality pdf documents conveniently and efficiently. Pdf file doesnt open automatically after save to pdf i am using microsoft office proffessional 2010 on windows 7 professional. Pdf effect of aqueous leaves extract of costus afer ker. Our online order form will calculate the correct discount based on quantity. This scenario describes one teachers approach to helping a young child transition to preschool for the first time. Antimicrobial assessment of ethanolic extract of costus. It is described as growing to 23 meters tall, with ligules to 10 mm. Anatomy final year research project topics free project.
This is an accepted african species of costus, described as early as 1822. Abstract cyclosporine a is one of the most widely used drugs in organ transplant and oncology patients. Koechlins flore du gabon 1964 and also in his flore du cameroun 1965. Costus root oil isnt something i use as i expect you know it is the subject of an ifra prohibition standard however i do know that the main use in perfumery was as a fixative and it isnt generally regarded as smelling very nice on its own. It is one of the species that produces two flowers per bract. Phytochemical composition of costus afer extract and its alleviation of carbon tetrachlorideinduced hepatic oxidative stress and toxicity were evaluated. Costus is often characterized and distinguished from relatives such as zingiber true ginger by its spiraling stems. Well, at least the second hardest part, since coming up with a catchy headline isnt as easy as youd think.
The methanol extract of costus afer is a good nitric oxide radical scavenger, this could be as result of phytocomponents present in the extracts ability to compete with oxygen that react with. The costus root is about a human fingers size with a woody part that is. We offer aggressive pricing on more than licenses. Experimental animals were daily administered with hydroethanolic extract of c. Plants of medicinal values contain bioactive compounds capable of preventing and combating several oxidative related diseases. They require a rich well drained soil 2 parts peat moss to 1 part loam to 1 part sharp sand, kept on the moist side. Costus, or kuth, with the scientific name saussurea costus or saussurea lappa, is a thistle species that is native to south asia, especially in jammu, kashmir, the himalayas, the kishenganga valley, and the western ghats this gorgeous perennial plant is characterized by purple floret heads and long lyrate leaves. Hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water extracts were prepared from the leaf, stem, and rhizome of c. The root and leaves of costus afer was collected along the farm in umuofocha nekede, owerri. For kids who typically struggle to spell words or become frustrated with the guesses of the builtin autocorrect, this app will help. Costus is a group of perennial herbaceous plants in the family described by linnaeus as a genus in 1753.
In conclusion, ethanol extract of costus afer ker gawl leaves possess antimicrobial, analgesic, antiinflammatory and cns depressant activity. It is reportedly used in traditional medicine practice tmp to treat and manage many ailments. After the administration of aqueous leaf extract of costus afer, food was withheld for further 34 h. Costus productus bamboo land nursery qld australia. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Liver receives a large amount of nutrients and noxious compounds entering the body through the digestive tract and portal vein. Jan 02, 2003 don johnstons bob keller asked me in january if id like to try out the 4. Costus afer leaf extract protects against testicle damage. Costus is a group of perennial herbaceous plants in the family costaceae described by linnaeus as a genus in 1753. Display issues of opening a pdf file in cutepdf professional or filler.
I dont mind costus oliffac but i would prefer to use the real thing if i can. Evaluation of phytochemical, proximate and mineral element. The method of 4 with modification was used for plant preparation whereby the plant leaves were washed, air dried on the laboratory tables and pulverized using corona hand grinder. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. Studies on the effect of the combination of boerhavia. Costus afer on candida albicans, aspergillus niger and aspergillus flavus. Above to the right is the african species costus talbotii. The alteration in overall body weight or organbody weight ratio is an indication of impairment in the normal functioning of the organs.
The antibacterial effect of ethanolic leaf extract of costus afer was evaluated on bacterial strains which included streptococcus pneumoniae, streptococcus pyogenes and staphylococcus aureus, among the grampositive organisms and klebsiella pneumoniae, pseudomonas aeruginosa, escherichia coli among the gramnegative, using. Costus scaber along road to cueva pumahuassi leaf upper side, with single line of hairs at midrib, characteristic of c. Writer universal notepad and save or share their sentences, or they can use the assistive keyboard in a wordprocessing application or web browser. Ten 10g of the plant powder for leaf and root was extracted with ethanol by soxhlet method. Costus afer may be hepatotoxic but nontoxic to the kidney. In the user interface you can set the options through a tabbed interface. An costus in nahilalakip ha familia nga costaceae ilarom nga taxa. The present study tested the hypothesis that costus afer, an antihyperglycemic medicinal plant, possesses inhibitory activity against carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes. Effect of aqueous leaves extract of costus afer ker gawl. Expert pdf creator is the complete pdf creator and pdf writer tool.
A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. There are about 52 accepted species names in the neotropics and 29 species in africa. Costus productus a fantastic ginger which flowers nearly year round. The liver holds a unique position in the human body due to its gastrointestinal connections and varied functions. The project employs natural fibers of costus afer and cocos nucifera for the purification of dirty water. It is also distinguished by the fact that it produces two flowers per bract instead of one flower per bract as in most african costus and all the neotropical plants. Feb 25, 20 the plant costus afer kergawl costaceae is among 150 species of stout, perennial and rhizomatous herbs of the genus costus. Costus afer could be a promising plant for the development of antihepatitic drugs.
It is also used as a tonic and to stimulate digestion. Foxit pdf creator alternatives and similar software. A web site containing information about the flora of zimbabwe. Antispasmodic activity of costus afer leaves extract on an isolated rabbit jejunum 1ijioma s. So, students in bsc, hnd, nd, nce, msc, mba, mla, pgd, ph. Spencer has written a thought provoking post on this topic at her blog, writing thoughts.
The orange day flowers are edible which make a zesty addition to your garden salads. This study evaluated the cardio, reno, and hepatoantioxidant status of hydroethanolic extract of costus afer on streptozotocinintoxicated diabetic rats. Corporation licensing for unlimited users is available at a very affordable price. They require a rich well drained soil 2 parts peat moss to 1 part loam to 1. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Phytochemical composition o f costus afer extract and its. Phytochemical antimicrobial screening of costus afer. The pdf that you have just created can be opened in the usual way with any program that can read pdfs but it will also be editable with libreoffice using draganddrop. Extracts of costus afer was efficient in inhibiting the growth of aspergillus niger and aspergillus flavus. Medicinal plants are efficient modulators of oxidative stress associated with diabetes mellitus. This page was last edited on 12 december 2019, at 20.
Costus afer in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Jun, 20 lowcost or nocost resources for writer training posted on june, 20 by tom l writers operating on a budget often cant shell out thousands of dollars for upgrading their writing skills. Investigatory study of long term doses of costus afer. Costus afer spiral ginger 15 rare seeds zones 9 to 11 medical plant edible roots vivid blooms spectacular variegated foliage detailed description of the variegated spiral ginger, crepe ginger, ornamental ginger costus speciosus variegatus cultivarvariety. International journal of academic research in business and social sciences july 20, vol. The plant is native to southeast asia and surrounding regions, from india to china to queensland. Pdf file doesnt open automatically after save to pdf. Frequently asked questions writer the document foundation. The phytochemical screening, antimicrobial activity of costus afer extract and its alleviation of carbon tetrachloride induced toxicity. I tried it with windows visual studio and mac xcode, for regular osx applications as well as ios iphones, ipads. The plant while occurring fairly commonly in the wild, particularly in the higher rainfall areas, is often planted in gardens. Anyasor, funmilayo d onajobi, odutola osilesi, olugbenga o.
To discern them, one needs only to consult an earlier essay. It is widespread through tropical and subtropical regions of asia, africa, and the americas. Editors 1 abdelwahab omri, department of chemistry and biochemistry. Nephroprotective and antioxidant effect of aqueous leaf extract of. Phytochemical composition and antifungal activity of the.
The highest antifungal activity was observed with 30% costus afer extract and ethanol had the highest inhibition 89% and 90%, when compared to aquaes 81 and. Citrullus colocynthis is a very droughttolerant medicinal species, closely related to watermelon c. Building and running samples galkahanapdfwriter wiki github. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis was carried out on the stem ethanol extract of costus afer. It is hardy to zone uk the flowers are pollinated by insects. Costus afer is a stout perennial rhizomatous herb that belongs to the genius costus. Manual how to install and use cutepdf writer to create invoice documents. Hematological and lipid profile evaluation of a hexane fraction of. In vitro antioxidant capacity and free radical scavenging. The extracts showed significant difference at 5% probability level. People use costus for many conditions, but there is no scientific evidence to support these uses. Cutepdf pricing convert to pdf for free, free pdf utilities. A tall perennial semiwoody herb with leafy canes to 3 m high bearing terminal inflorescences of white and yellow flowers, of the forest zone in moist places from senegal to nigeria and fernando po and widespread throughout the forest region of tropical africa.
All pdfs that you will create from this moment forward by export from libreoffice will be hybrids until you uncheck this option. Download anatomy final year research project topics free project topics codemint and research materials. To evaluate the antiinflammatory activity of a tropical african medicinal plant. Several publications have reported the distribution of diosgenin glycosides in plants 9, 14. Pdf costus afer stem ethanol extract inhibited the growth of these bacteria s. Press releases a professional press release writer knows how to format the damn thing correctly, which is the hardest part. The gas chromatogram showed the presence of five compounds.
Antispasmodic activity of costus afer leaves extract on. Costus afer is an african costus that is unusual in that it commonly flowers both at the base and terminally on a tall leafy stem. Semen quality characteristics and testosterone levels of. It is tropical perennial herbaceous rhizomatous plants found in the forest belt of africa burkili, 1985. Usda, ars, germplasm resources information network. Costus afer costaceae is an important indigenous west africa herbal plants with unique medicinal properties commonly used throughout its area of distribution. When i save a word document as pdf it used to automatically open the pdf document with adobe pdf reader and display it. Costus oil is used for asthma, cough, gas, and severe intestinal diseases such as dysentery and cholera. The qualitative and quantitative analyses showed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, tannins and phenols in the aqueous stem. Many diseases have been wrongly attended to using several medicinal plants of choice by mere instinct or sunrise. Genus costus costus is the largest and most diverse genus in the plant family costaceae. Writer, while not yet coded to run native under mac os x, functions quite well in the classic box of os x. Costus afer ker gawl was also collected from duruogbujiumuewi village in njaba l.
It has also been shown to exhibit antiarthritic activities iwu and anyanwu, 1982. Hi all, i understand costus is ifra banned entirely from fragrance but what is the legal status on it. Pdf chemical composition of the stem extract of costus afer. In are you an adequate writer or an excellent writer, laura talks about writing one type of home business.
The divergence angle between successive leaves in ca. Medicinal plants contain bioactive compounds capable of preventing and fighting oxidative related diseases. The treatment with costus afer exhibited dosedependent significant changes in testicular oxidative stress, hormonal, sperm analysis and histopathological. Being an obliging soul, i readily agreed and found that the new version of co. The investigations car ried out is to determine the long term effects of costus afer leaf methanol ex tract, snail slime and the combined costus afer and snail slime extracts on blood glucose levels of alloxan induced diabetic swiss albino rats treated orally for 21 days on graded dose of 100 mgkg and 300 mgkg. Costus afer possesses carbohydrate hydrolyzing enzymes. Evaluation of antibacterial activity in three species of costus g. It is reportedly used in traditional medicine practice tmp to treat and manage many ailments including diabetes mellitus, stomach ache, arthritis, inflammation, and gout. Saidulu department of botany, osmania university college for women, koti, hyderabad500095, india corresponding author abstract introduction medicinal plants possess many antimicrobial compounds and can be utilized as antiinfectious agents. Costus afer spiral ginger 25 rare seeds zones 9 to 11 medinilla myriantha malaysian orchid 20 seeds by smartseeds easy indoor plants on etsy, a global handmade and vintage marketplace. If we are already producing perfumes that ignore ifra regulations is costus back on the table as an optional ingredient. This is how i came up with the idea for this project. Costus afer is used for ceremony, religious rites and as a traditional medicine. Costus afer ker gawl costaceae is a tall terrestrial perennial herb which finds use in folkloric medicine as a remedy for cough, rheumatic pains, sleepiness and as a cardiotonic agoha, 1974.1213 722 1371 49 937 1100 157 1524 1495 1397 427 1153 867 1228 457 1468 389 363 606 37 80 1298 1296 997 1498 490 1157 1003 97 281 505 1368